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The most severe form of LMNA-associated congenital muscular dystrophy

      Abstract

      Alterations in the LMNA gene cause a wide spectrum of diseases collectively called laminopathies. LMNA-associated congenital muscular dystrophy is a form of laminopathy, which usually causes infantile onset of muscle weakness, predominantly in the cervical-axial muscles, and motor developmental retardation. Cardiac symptoms during the first decade of life are rare. We report a case of LMNA-associated congenital muscular dystrophy in which the patient did not achieve head control and experienced facial muscle weakness. Cardiac dysrhythmias were observed at 5 years with development of dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic strokes at 7 years. Despite intensive medical intervention, he died suddenly at 9 years. This report broadens the spectrum of phenotypes of this disorder with the most severe symptoms during the first decade of life. Our case underscores the need for early genetic testing for LMNA in patients with congenital muscular dystrophy to screen for cardiac manifestations and intervene as necessary.

      Abbreviations:

      CMD (congenital muscular dystrophy), EDMD (Emery–Dreifuss muscular dystrophy), L-CMD (LMNA-associated congenital muscular dystrophy), LGMD1B (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B), CK (creatine kinase)

      Keywords

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