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Relationship between prolonged neural suppression and cerebral hemodynamic dysfunction during hypothermia in asphyxiated piglets

      Abstract

      Objectives

      Hypothermia (HT) improves the outcome of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Here, we investigated changes during HT in cortical electrical activity using amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) and in cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral hemoglobin oxygen saturation using near-infrared time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) and compared the results with those obtained during normothermia (NT) after a hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult in a piglet model of asphyxia. We previously reported that a greater increase in CBV can indicate greater pressure-passive cerebral perfusion due to more severe brain injury and correlates with prolonged neural suppression during NT. We hypothesized that when energy metabolism is suppressed during HT, the cerebral hemodynamics of brains with severe injury would be suppressed to a greater extent, resulting in a greater decrease in CBV during HT that would correlate with prolonged neural suppression after insult.

      Methods

      Twenty-six piglets were divided into four groups: control with NT (C-NT, n = 3), control with HT (C-HT, n = 3), HI insult with NT (HI-NT, n = 10), and HI insult with HT (HI-HT, n = 10). TRS and aEEG were performed in all groups until 24 h after the insult. Piglets in the HI-HT group were maintained in a hypothermic state for 24 h after the insult.

      Results

      There was a positive linear correlation between changes in CBV at 1, 3, 6, and 12 h after the insult and low-amplitude aEEG (<5 µV) duration after insult in the HI-NT group, but a negative linear correlation between these two parameters at 6 and 12 h after the insult in the HI-HT group. The aEEG background score and low-amplitude EEG duration after the insult did not differ between these two groups.

      Discussion and conclusion

      A longer low-amplitude EEG duration after insult was associated with a greater CBV decrease during HT in the HI-HT group, suggesting that brains with more severe neural suppression could be more prone to HT-induced suppression of cerebral metabolism and circulation.

      Abbreviations:

      aEEG (amplitude-integrated electroencephalography), CBF (cerebral blood flow), CBV (cerebral blood volume), CMRO2 (rate of cerebral metabolism of oxygen), HI (hypoxic-ischemic), HIE (hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy), HR (heart rate), HT (hypothermia), LAEEG (low-amplitude electroencephalography), NIRS (near-infrared spectroscopy), NT (normothermia), PaO2 (arterial oxygen tension), ScO2 (cerebral hemoglobin oxygen saturation), TRS (time-resolved spectroscopy)

      Keywords

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