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Study of clinical characteristics in young subjects with Developmental coordination disorder

  • Marie Farmer
    Affiliations
    Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada

    Department of Pediatrics, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada
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  • Bernard Echenne
    Affiliations
    Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada

    Service de Neurologie Pédiatrique, Université de Montpellier I, Montpellier, France
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  • M’hamed Bentourkia
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, 3001, 12th Avenue North, Sherbrooke (Qc) J1H 5N4, Canada. Tel.: +1 819 821 8000x11863; fax: +1 (819) 829 3238.
    Affiliations
    Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada
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      Abstract

      Background

      Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a chronic neurological disorder observed in children. DCD is characterized by slowness in activities and motor impairment that affects the children’s daily living and academic achievements, and later their professional and social behavior. Our aim in this work was to report characteristics frequencies in a group of children with DCD and to propose a subtyping of DCD characteristics.

      Methods

      Thirty three clinical DCD characteristics, the mostly reported in the literature, were assessed in 129 patients, boys and girls aged from 4 years to 18 years, and their subtyping was proposed. The statistical analyses were carried out with the Chi square, the t-test and the correlation for the statistical differences, and with the Ward clustering method for subtyping.

      Results

      We found that there were 3.17 boys for one girl, all patients were characterized as slow, 47% were left-handers or ambidextrous, 36% and 26% had orofacial and verbal dyspraxia, respectively, 83% were found anxious, and 84% were described as being clumsy.

      Conclusions

      It appears from these results that a child with DCD expresses more than a single difficulty. Three subtypes emerged from the statistical analysis in this study: (1) clumsiness and other characteristics except language difficulties; (2) self-esteem and peer relation without clumsiness and language difficulties; (3) language difficulties and orofacial dyspraxia.

      Keywords

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