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Histological, biochemical, and genetic characterization of early-onset fulminating sialidosis type 2 in a Korean neonate with hydrops fetalis

Published:February 21, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2013.01.012

      Abstract

      Non-immune hydrops fetalis is the most severe presenting feature of lysosomal storage disorders. However, it is difficult to identify the underlying condition because the different lysosomal storage diseases share many clinical features. A neonate with hydrops fetalis is described here. A lysosomal storage disorder was first suspected when the placental biopsy showed the presence of macrophages containing numerous cytoplasmic vacuoles. Subsequent comprehensive diagnostic processes and biochemical and molecular genetics characterization revealed a rare genetic cause, namely sialidosis type 2. Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry revealed increased amounts of bound sialic acid in the urine. Pathogenic NEU1 mutations were detected. This is the first case with sialidosis type 2 ever known in the Korean population, exhibiting its most severe manifestation.

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