Advertisement

Perturbations in the development of infants with Rett disorder and the implications for early diagnosis

      Abstract

      The gene discovery in Rett disorder has opened the way for the development of clinical intervention. Initial recognition of affected infants will depend on observation by clinicians and the development of key diagnostic criteria is of crucial importance. Perturbations in the development of very young infants are emerging in studies of home videos. Observations from experienced health practitioners and home video transcriptions are presented which indicate the nature of early clues to the disorder and their fluctuating nature. Early diagnosis is likely to be available before the development of effective treatment. Most children are not diagnosed before regression and, currently, no therapies are equipped to offer support to pre-regression infants and their families. When earlier diagnosis becomes available, parents of the newly-diagnosed infant will be aware of their infant's difficult future before her problems are fully apparent. Practitioners in regular contact with families will have the sensitive task of supporting infants in early infancy and into regression.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Brain and Development
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Amir R.E.
        • Van den Veyver I.B.
        • Wan M.
        • Tran C.Q.
        • Franke U.
        • Zoghbi H.Y.
        Rett Syndrome is caused by mutations in X linked MECP2, encoding methyl-CpG- binding protein 2.
        Nat Genet. 1999; 23: 185-188
        • Burford B.
        • Kerr A.M.
        • Macleod H.A.
        Nurse recognition of early deviation in development in home videos of infants with Rett disorder.
        J Intellect Disabil Res. 2003; 47: 588-596
      1. Einspieler C, Kerr AM, Prechtl HFR. Is the early development of girls with Rett disorder really normal? Pediatr Res 2005;57:696–700.

        • Kerr A.M.
        • Montague J.
        • Stephenson J.B.P.
        The hands and the mind, pre and post regression in Rett syndrome.
        Brain Dev. 1987; 9: 487-490
        • Leonard H.
        • Bower C.
        Is the girl with Rett Syndrome normal at birth?.
        Dev Med Child Neurol. 1998; 40: 115-121
        • Trevarthen C.
        • Burford B.
        Early infant intelligence and Rett syndrome.
        in: Kerr A.M. Witt Engerstrom I. Rett disorder and the developing brain. Oxford University Press, Oxford2001: 303-326
        • Einspieler C.
        • Kerr A.M.
        • Prechtl H.F.R.
        Abnormal general movements in girls with Rett disorder: The first four months of life.
        Brain Dev. 2005; 27: S8-S13
        • Wright M.
        • Van der Linden M.L.
        • Kerr A.M.
        • Burford B.
        • Arrowsmith G.
        • Middleton R.L.
        Motion analysis of stereotyped hand movements in Rett syndrome.
        J Intellect Disabil Res. 2003; 47: 85-89