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Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis associated with iris coloboma, chorioretinitis and spinal cord involvement: a case report

      Abstract

      A 9-year-old boy with a history of lipoma excision and laminectomy at the Th10–11 levels, resulting in incomplete paraparesis and neurogenic bladder, was admitted for a comprehensive rehabilitation programme. Physical examination revealed an ipsilateral focal dermal hypoplastic defect within an area of alopecia and a subcutaneous lipomatous tissue on the left temporo-parietal region of the scalp. Iris coloboma and chorioretinitis were diagnosed on the left eye. He also had mild mental retardation and triparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and the spine demonstrated hyperintense masses which were consistent with lipoma. Although in the literature three cases of encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) concomitant with spinal cord involvement have been reported, to our knowledge iris coloboma and chorioretinitis in ECCL have not been reported previously. In conclusion, we would like to stress that aside from known ophthalmological malformations, iris coloboma and chorioretinitis may also be observed in ECCL and that all patients who have been diagnosed as having ECCL should be examined for spinal cord involvement.

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