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Acute striatal necrosis following measles in children

      Cambonie et al. [
      • Cambonie G.
      • Houdon L.
      • Rivier F.
      • Bongrand A.F.
      • Echene B.
      Infantile bilateral striatal necrosis following measles.
      ] have recently described an interesting case of a previously healthy 4-year-old boy who presented bilateral striatal necrosis after typical measles infection. Brain MRI of the patient showed bilateral lesions in the basal ganglia region with high intensity signal on T2-weighted images, predominant on the putamen. A CSF examination indicated no modification in cell number and chemical study and no measles antibody. Neurological improvement occurred within 2 months, with regression of lesions on brain MRI studies. There was no long term follow up of the patient. It was considered to be the first case reported with bilateral striatal necrosis associated with measles infection.
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      References

        • Cambonie G.
        • Houdon L.
        • Rivier F.
        • Bongrand A.F.
        • Echene B.
        Infantile bilateral striatal necrosis following measles.
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