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The first case of 4-hydroxybutyric aciduria in Japan

      Abstract

      We report a boy with 4-hydroxybutyric aciduria resulting from a deficiency of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH). A boy, 1 year 5 months, showed delayed walk with hypotonia and could not speak meaningful words. The blood levels of lactate, pyruvate and amino acids were not elevated. Head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroenchephalography (EEG) were normal. Urinary organic acid analysis with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS) revealed increased levels of 4-hydroxybutyric acid, glutaric acid, adipic acid and suberic acid. The concentrations of 4-hydroxybutyric acid and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were elevated in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). SSADH activity in cultured lymphoblasts was 4.5% of the normal level. So far as we know this is the first Japanese patient diagnosed as 4-hydroxybutyric acid. Urinary organic acid analysis is necessary for the diagnosis of patients with unexplained psychomotor retardation.

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